. Even so, a non-deductible IRA is a good option for a high-income person who has complemented other retirement savings options, such as a 401 (k). Withdrawals made on investment gains are taxed at the traditional rate of income tax. Generally, IRA contributions from non-deductible IRAs don't offer the same tax-exempt income tax withdrawals that other options offer.
Again, to withdraw profits, it is important to inform the IRS of what is being done. File Form 8606 on your income tax return to avoid paying additional taxes. Withdrawals of investment profits will be taxed at your ordinary income tax rate. Non-deductible IRAs don't offer the income tax-exempt withdrawals offered by a Roth IRA or a Roth 401 (k).
In a clandestine Roth, investors make a non-deductible contribution to a traditional IRA and then quickly convert it to a Roth IRA. Once the money is in a Roth IRA, it's tax-free when you withdraw it (if you meet the age and retention period requirements). This strategy only works if you don't have any other traditional IRA. Otherwise, the apportionment rule applies.
One of the best reasons to contribute to a non-deductible IRA is to take advantage of the opportunity to make clandestine contributions to a Roth IRA. At age 72, the IRA requires a person to pool the value of all their IRAs and begin accepting distributions from traditional accounts. Non-deductible traditional IRA contributions are the first step in making clandestine Roth IRA contributions and are most commonly used for this strategy. The availability of the Backdoor Roth IRA account usually makes long-term investments in a traditional non-deductible IRA inappropriate.
While a non-deductible IRA isn't as restrictive in terms of eligibility, it also doesn't offer the same tax benefits as a traditional or Roth IRA. Remember that you can't invest money in a Roth IRA if your income is too high, but Roth IRAs are a valuable retirement savings tool, allowing you to increase your invested funds tax-free and withdraw your earnings as a retiree without paying taxes, as long as you follow certain rules. A non-deductible IRA is a possibility, but there is also a Roth IRA and a traditional or contributory IRA. The traditional IRA page explains the basic mechanisms for making non-deductible investments and keeping track of the base, and that page explains the details of using a traditional non-deductible IRA to make a contribution to a clandestine Roth IRA.
However, there are several important differences between a non-deductible IRA and a traditional or Roth IRA, such as who can contribute, as well as the benefits associated with investing in each of them. A traditional non-deductible IRA is obtained when contributions to a traditional IRA (TIra) are not deducted on a taxpayer's tax return. Similarly, individuals may choose to use the non-deductible IRA to convert the funds invested into a Roth IRA at some point. If you want to contribute to a Roth IRA and your income is too high to do so, using a non-deductible IRA will also allow you to benefit from the favorable tax rules associated with a Roth IRA.
However, your contributions to a non-deductible IRA are made with after-tax money, while your contributions to a traditional IRA or 401 (k) can be deducted in the year they are made. In both cases, contributions are made after tax, but all future growth and withdrawals from a Roth IRA are tax-exempt, while the withdrawal of growth from a traditional non-deductible IRA is subject to taxes as income. .